A migraine headache is an excruciating as well as pulsating headache that is often on one side (unilateral) and related with vomiting, sensitivity to light and smell, sleep disruption, and depression. The attacks are often chronic and are expected to become less severe as the migraine sufferer ages. Study indicates that migraine headaches are caused due to change in the level of a body chemical called serotonin. Serotonin plays vital roles in the body, and if it lacks in the body it may effect the blood vessels. High serotonin levels constrict the blood vessels. When serotonin levels goes down, the blood vessels expand. This swelling or expansion can cause pain and many other problems. Several things can affect the level of serotonin in your body, including blood sugar, certain foods and changes in your estrogen level if you are female.
Causes of Migraine:
Up till now the cause of migraine is a mystery. The condition may result from a series of reactions in the central nervous system caused by changes in the body or in the environment. There is often a family history of the disorder, indicating that migraine sufferers may inherit sensitivity to triggers that produce inflammation in the blood vessels and nerves around the brain, causing pain. Many factors can cause migraines, including tiredness, stress, dehydration, delayed or skipped meals, and certain food and drinks, such as cheese, chocolate, coffee, tea and alcohol.
Symptoms of Migraine
1. Anxiety or nervousness.
2. Exposure to light.
3. Sensitivity to sound.
4. Lack of food and sleep
5. Nausea with or without vomiting
Cure of Migraine
1. Try avoiding any food which seems to be related with this disorder and at a later stage take a small trial dose of the food again to see whether it really is involved.
2. Sometimes bathing your head with cold water or using a cold compress on the forehead is helpful.
3. At the first symptom of an attack take a pain killer, even if this means waking yourself up when you notice symptoms while half asleep in the early hours of the morning.
4. Some times relaxation and meditation methods may be supportive as may some of the complementary therapies.
5. There are some over the counter preparations which contain a pain killer and a medication which stops vomiting sensation and vomiting. These are often even more successful than the pain killer alone, as migraine is connected with poor absorption from the stomach and a predisposition for food and drink to stay in the stomach much longer than usual.