Autism or ASD or Autism Spectrum Disorder is a disorder caused by neuro-development deficiency. It can be noticed by parents in the early stages. Some symptoms are inability to communicate, repetitive behavior, impaired interaction, and so on. It is important to consult a physician if a child does not show the usual signs of development by the time he or she turns two. Early detection and treatment can ensure that the child is able to lead an improved life. It was reported that in 2014, 1 in every 68 children was autistic.
Though autism is not curable, children suffering from it can be helped to overcome the condition at least to a certain extent to help them lead a better life.
Autism Treatment and Therapies
Since of late, there is much awareness about autism and there are organizations, both government and voluntary, to help in the treatment of autistic children.
Effective treatment includes the following therapies:
As per this therapy, negative behavior is discouraged and controlled, while positive behavior is encouraged to be followed. Skills to this effect are imparted to children so that they can overcome their behavioral problems. This therapy should be started much earlier, in children even young as two years old.
Two types of training are imparted under the behavioral therapy, early intensive training and pivotal response training. In Pivotal Response therapy, the child is encouraged to make social communication and control his behavior. The child is encouraged to learn and adapt.
Speech therapy is one of the most important therapies in autism treatment as one of the main effects of autism is the child’s inability to communicate. It is conducted by a qualified speech therapist that trains child in more valid forms of expression. The therapist works not only with the child but with teachers and family so that the child can be motivated to communicate at all levels. Some children with autism are not able to speak and so in such a case the therapist trains the child to use sign language and other forms of non-verbal communication to be able to make him communicate in an effective manner.
Occupational therapy is for better sensory integration of the child. It helps that the child with fine motor movements that help him to dress on his own, write and use his hands with better co ordination. Occupational therapy can be very effective in treatment as it trains the child to be less dependent and to be more able to participate in daily activities. The therapy differs from child to child and it is based on what the child is lacking and what the child requires. In young children, occupational therapy is more about training in motor movements while in older children, it focuses on improving the behavior of children towards others with a view to make the child independent. This therapy if initiated early can prove very beneficial for a child with autism.
It is similar to occupational therapy but physical therapy is more focused on improving the motor skills of the child. It is almost like physiotherapy and it helps the child to be able to feel and be aware about his body. It trains the child to walk better, balance itself well, better co ordination and so on. Physical therapy is very much importance in autism treatment because in the long run, the child learns to handle his bodily movements and is able to lead a more independent life. As most therapies, even physical therapy should be started as early as possible.
Certain medications are prescribed by doctors with a view to manage behavioral symptoms in the child. The child can be irritable, aggressive, violent and restless. Often termed as disruptive behavior, this condition can sometimes lead the child to inflict injuries upon self, or others which can be damaging. Medications help control the situation. These medicines can also help in making the therapies work better.
So these are the effective treatment of Autism for a child. If you want to know more about autism treatment and therapies, then visit here to get more details.