Diabetes: The Past History

Diabetes is not a recent born disease, it has been in existence from quite long back, but we came to know about it in 1552 B.C. During First Century A.D. Diabetes described by Arateus as the dissolving of flesh and limbs into urine. Diabetes was given its name by the Greek Physician Aretaeus (30-90CE). He registered a disease with symptoms such as constant thirst (polydipsia), excessive urination (polyuria) and loss of weight. Nearly 5000 years ago in India, the physician Sushruta described a disease “brought on by excessive indulgence in rice, flour, and sugar,” in which urine is like an elephant in quantity. 11th Century Diabetes commonly diagnosed by water tasters, who drank the urine of those suspected of having diabetes; the urine of people with diabetes was thought to be sweet-tasting.

Early 19th Century first chemical test was developed to indicate and measure the presence of sugar in the urine. Diabetic diet was invented with inclusion of milk, oats and other fiber containing foods in 1900-1915. Function of insulin, its nature, along with its use had taken time from 1920 -1923, discovered by Dr Banting, Prof. Macleod and Dr. Collip, who were awarded a Noble prize. In the decade of 1940, it had been discovered that various organs like skin and kidney are also affected if diabetes is sneaking from a long term. January 23, 1922 Dr. Collip’s insulin extract first tested on a human being, a 14-year-old boy named Leonard Thompson, in Toronto; treatment was considered a success by the end of the following February.

Helen Free test was invented in the mid 1940, Alfred Free and Helen Murray were both chemists working together in the biochemistry research company at Miles Laboratories. In 1960, a muffin was a small breakfast treat, usually home baked. A homemade blueberry muffin, using a regular-sized muffin tin, about 100 calories and 6 grams of fat, depending on the recipe. It is near about the size of a cricket ball. During 1970 blood glucose meters and insulin pumps are developed. Laser therapy is used to help slow or prevent blindness in some people with diabetes. When 1983 came, it was introduced the first biosynthetic human insulin. platinum Anniversary of the discovery of insulin celebrated around the world in1996. 50th Anniversary of the Canadian Diabetes Association in 2003.