Vomiting in children is mostly caused by gastroenteritis. The cause for this is usually a virus infecting the gastrointestinal tract. Gastroenteritis is also referred to as ‘stomach flu’ and it can also cause nausea and diarrhea. Normally, vomiting should not be a cause of much worry as the infections don’t last long. The infections are more disruptive than dangerous to the child. However, vomiting accompanied with diarrhea could lead to dehydration. So you need to take appropriate measures to prevent dehydration.
Signs Of Dehydration
Parents should watch out for following signs of dehydration in their babies.
- Lack of urine or darkness of urine
- decrease in frequency of urine
- Decrease in food intake
- Loss of weight
- Dryness of mouth
- Lack of tears while crying
- Skin that is less springy or elastic than usual
Dealing With Dehydration
In case the baby has had several bouts of vomiting or diarrhea, his body will need to replenish lost fluids and electrolytes. Those mothers who are breastfeeding should continue to do so. Nature has designed breast milk to contain all fluids and electrolytes needed to prevent dehydration. The doctor may also prescribe oral rehydration solution( ORS). Those who feed their babies formula should try to switch to one that is lactose free. Lactose can worsen the diarrhea. In some cases, doctors suggest to switch from formula to an ORS for 12 to 24 hours. Babies older than 1 year may also be given clear soups, clear sodas or juice mixed with water. Plain water and dark sodas should be avoided. The problem with water is that it does not contain enough salt and nutrients to help with dehydration. Dark sodas contain sugar in high amount and can cause irritation in the baby’s stomach.
Medicines are not usually recommended. Usually diarrhea lasts for a very short time. Remember that diarrhea is caused by an infection and is in fact the body’s way to get rid of infection. Medicines may actually interfere with body’s efforts to heal. If at all you feel medicines are to be administered, seek first doctor’s opinion on this.