Diabetes is such a disease in which body does not generate or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone which is needed to convert starches, sugar and other food into energy, needed for the daily routine of life. There are approximately 20.8 million children and adults in the United States or 7% of the population, who have diabetes. While an estimated 14.6 million have been diagnosed with diabetes, unfortunately, 6.2 million people are unaware that they have this dangerous disease. Diabetes can cause many worst complications. Severe complications like ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or nonketotic hyperosmolar coma may occur if the disease is not effectively controlled. Severe long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure (diabetic nephropathy is the chief cause of dialysis in developed adults in the world), retinal damage, nerve damage (of many types), and micro vascular damage, which causes erectile dysfunction (impotence) and poor healing. About 3 to 8 percent of pregnant women in the United States Of America develops gestational diabetes. As with type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes occurs more often in some tribal groups and among women with a family history of diabetes.
More than 20 million Americans are affected by the diabetes and about 54 million Americans have prediabetes. Diabetes, without description, usually refers to diabetes mellitus, but there are several rare conditions also named diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease results when the body’s system for combating infection turns against a part of the body. In diabetes, the immune system attacks and breaks up the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The most widespread form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2. This form of diabetes is most often related with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, physical inactivity, previous history of gestational diabetes, and certain ethnicities. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus are overweight. About 65 percent of deaths among those with diabetes are attributed to stroke and heart disease. Pregnancy can be complicated by uncontrolled by diabetes, and baby delivered by diabetic woman can be defective as it is seen in most of the cases.
In Type 1 diabetes, symptoms are likely to develop rapidly, and in a couple of weeks, and are more severe. In type 2 diabetes mellitus, symptoms develop slowly and are mostly milder. At least 65 percent of those with diabetes die from stroke and heart disease. Diabetes treatment depends on the type and severity of the diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is cured with insulin, diabetic diet and exercise. Type 2 diabetes is first treated with weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. Regular exercise is chiefly important for diabetic people. It helps blood sugar to be in control, weight loss, and high blood pressure. People with diabetes who exercises, are less likely to experience a heart attack or stroke than diabetics who do not exercise regularly. There are several types of medicines available in the market in order to control blood sugar and maintain a healthy life style.