In the present day, amongst women, cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in the world, after breast cancer. It affects about 15,800 women in the United States each year, and 5,100 women dies from this disease, according to the American Cancer Society. Risk factors include smoking, infection with human papilloma-virus and the use of contraceptives.
A study by the experts in New York of 80 women who had advanced cervical cancer showed 85% were smokers and the rest had significant exposure to passive smoking, generally through partners who smoked. While nicotine is normally not considered a causative agent, smoking may predispose a woman to the expansion of cervical cancer by lowering her immune surveillance at the cellular level.
Another study, carried out over a period of 10 years, stated that for women infected with the human papilloma-virus, smoking increases the risk of developing pre-cancer or cancer of the cervix.
Researchers studied 2,100 women, ages 16 or older, who were infected with human papilloma-virus and who received their healthcare through Heath Institutes. Among those who smoked more than a pack a day, about 8 percent developed a pre-cancerous condition called cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia, grade III, or
CIN3. Or, they developed cancer of the cervix.
The combined rate for pre-cancer and cancer among human papilloma-virus infected women who never smoked was about 3.5 percent. Former smokers had about a 6 percent combined risk.
So to sustain your prolonged healthy life stop smoking right now!
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