What Is It?
Sugar, starches and other food that we eat have to be finally converted to energy. For this purpose our body makes use of an enzyme-insulin. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which our body is not able to produce sufficient quantity of this enzyme or is not able to use it properly. Because sugars in the blood (mainly in the form of glucose) are not converted to energy, their level in the blood rises to alarming levels.
How widespread is the disease can be gauged from following figures:
According to U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention almost 24 million Americans had diabetes in 2007, an increase of more than 3 million over previous two years. Besides, another 57 million Americans had pre-diabetes that puts people at increased risk for diabetes.
However, there is a silver lining in the cloud here. Proportion of people not aware of their having diabetes is decreasing day by day.
Diabetes affects normal functioning of the eye to the extent that it may even lead to blindness. Other organs of the body whose normal functioning is impaired are heart, kidneys,…
Gestational diabetes-This type is particularly of concern to expectant mothers. The chances of it being transmitted to fetus are so strong that
once upon a time such women were advised not to have children at all.
Prevention And Control
Though till date medical science has not been able to come out with any cure for diabetes, it certainly has found means to CONTROL it. A lot depends on the patient’s will-power to fight this disease. It is his responsibility to take care of his diet and medication and take proper exercises.
Advances in diabetes research includes:
Improved insulin and its therapy (external and implantable insulin pumps).
These have advanced well to manage elevated blood sugars without any allergic reactions.
For diabetes type 2, oral hypoglycemic drugs are available.
Self blood Glucose monitors are available by which the patient can check his glucose level himself.