Introduction-Symptoms And Spread
The microbe responsible for cholera is Vibrio Cholerae. It is a disease of small intestine. Cholera has been relatively uncommon in industrialized nations in the last century. In approximately 5% of the affected persons, the disease assumes serious proportions in form of profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and stage cramps. The symptoms may seem from a few hours to five days after vulnerability. Extensive dehydration can produce floppy skin, muscle cramps and a hoarse voice. Cholera is also known to cause lack of tears, lethargy, unusual sleepiness or tiredness, low urine output,….Nearly three-fourth of persons infected with cholera do not show any symptoms of the disease. However, the pathogens remain in their fesses for one or two weeks. These pathogens can reach water bodies and finally enter other bodies through potable water. In fact, during epidemics, normally stool of an infected person is responsible for the spread of the disease. Statistics show that the disease is more common in villages apparently because of inefficient handling of sewerage and drinking water. Cholera is very likely to spread when crowding of people takes place during events such as fairs. Other events when cholera is likely to spread, are war and famine.
Prevention And Cure:
Make sure of the purity of water that you drink. In villages where there are no water filtration plants and water is drunk straightway from lakes and wells,
boiling water helps in making it safe. Remember that cleanliness is a prerequisite for prevention of any disease. Care should be taken when some cases of cholera are reported. The cholera bacteria can survive in the surrounding in brackish rivers and maritime waters. So, if fish is eaten from such sources, make sure that it is cooked well. Cholera can be simply and successfully treated by immediate replacement of the fluid and salts lost through diarrhea. Severe cases also require intravenous fluid replacement. Antibiotics shorten the course and diminish the severity of the illness, but what is more important is taking care of dehydration. Patients can be treated with oral solution, a prepackaged mixture of sugar and salts to be mixed with water and drunk in large amounts. This solution is used throughout the world to treat diarrhea.