Acute Chest Pain-The First Step To Sickle-Cell Disease

The ultimate cause of the sickle cell disease is the acute chest pain. Prominently the acute chest pain is related to the mortality of the sickle cell disease. In sickle cell disorder, the RBC’s that is the red blood cells are shaped irregularly and different from normal shape. This disorder results into lethal consequences like chronic anemia, serious infections, and can demolish the body parts slowly.

Frequent chest pain can cause acute lung problems and ultimately cause lung injury. This is an inborn disease and usually become acute in adults. The acute chest pain can due to many reasons. Some of the reasons may be due to the blockage of the small vessels in the lungs due to blood clot, sickle red cells, or even accumulation of the bits of bone marrow, that may lead to severe breathing problems.

Many a times the victim may show the preliminary symptoms like sever coughing, inhaling problem, chest pain, fever. Patient may also feel drowsiness, and weak. Even decline in health growth can be observed in these patients.

Treatment to the acute chest pain is not specific. Patient is advised to practice breathing exercise in which deep breathing is facilitated. The patient is usually provided with antibiotic therapy, pain medication and also blood transfusion in extreme cases. The patient is more prone to acute infections, if immediate medication against the problem is not taken. Hence special care must be taken to avoid such acute infections.

Study has revealed that sickle hemoglobin adheres to oxygen readily in presence of nitric acid. Hence as prescription given by the doctor infants and kids are advised to give doses of penicillin twice a day. During acute chest pain the fluids consumed in the body may get accumulated in lungs specifically called as pulmonary edema, hence controlling the body fluid should be allowed by proper medication.

Preventive measures

  • Abundant intake of liquid substances should be encouraged.
  • Medication providing supplement inhalation that may assist more oxygen intake to the tissue.
  • Medication like penicillin that may subsequently reduce the pain and infection.
  • In extreme cases blood transfusion is advised.
  • Deep inhalation should be practiced by the patient specifically suffering from acute chest pain or even drowsiness.